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+ home arrow Rural Tourism in Tenerife arrow GUARANTEE OF ORIGIN
GUARANTEE OF ORIGIN Print E-mail

G.O.Abona: The wine industry of Abona has a surface of 1,567 hectares distributed through the areas and summits of the South cone of the island of Tenerife. However, at the moment the cultivation approaches the coast with new plantations, which will soon enter production. Its limits are in the municipalities of Fasnia, Arico, Granadilla, San Miguel, Vilaflor, Arona and Adeje. The deep precipices that slide through the slopes describe a landscape that has contributed to give personality to its wines. The vineyards are mostly located in the region, and mainly in summits, obtaining better yields, in addition to being a cultivation complementing others.

  

Its geographic situation is united by the weather that grants a differentiating element to its wines, due to the strong insulation of its land. In fact the grapes are the earliest ones to harvest. The vines of white grapes constitute 80% of the cultivation. Only a 20% correspond to red varieties. The main one is the White Listán. It is very productive, little demanding in nutrients and adapted to conditions of little water. Other traditional varieties that are cultivated are the following ones: Malvasía, Moscatel, Gual, Verdello, Sabro and Bermejuelo. The most common red varieties are List Negro and Negramoll. The modern technology has prevailed in the 16 warehouses that at present time are enrolled in the Regulating Council, being equipped with the most advanced bottled stabilization, production and bottling systems.

  

G.O.Valley of Güimar: This region has an area that occupies an agricultural surface of 913 hectares of the municipalities of Arafo, Candlemas and Güímar. The registered surface for the culture of grape for quality wine is located at between 250 and 1,600 meters of altitude. The climate and the ground create a geography of special beauty in its summits, where the most singular wines are created. The land of this region is divided in two groups: those of the flat lands and those of summits. The flat sandy lands allow retaining the water of the little rain and the dew.

  

In the most elevated zones (Los Pelados), the cultivatable ground is distributed as small terraces and the type of dominant land is one of mixed clay with organic matter and drainage due to the volcanic condition. The vines of white grapes constitute 62% of cultivation and 38% is located to the red vines in the highest zones. The most common is the White Listán. Then there is in smaller proportions the Moscatel, Gual, Verdello, Malvasía and Sabro. As far as the red varieties go, the most common is the Black Listán followed by the Negramoll and evolving ones like  Caberbet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Ruby Cabernet, Sirah and tempranillo.

  

G.O.Valle of La Orotava: The Valley of the Orotava is a region with 1,000 cultivated hectares of vineyard. 679 of them are dedicated to the cultivation of wines with guarantee of origin. The municipalities of Los Realejos, Puerto de la Cruz and La Orotava delimit the large valley. The valley extends itself from mount Teide all the way to the sea. The special characteristics of the ground and the climatologic conditions have always allowed this valley to be covered by vineyards, especially in the XVII and XVIII century.

  

Those plantations were the mothers of famous <Canary> who gave worldwide fame to island wines. At that time the cultivation was much bigger and reached the coast. The wines produced in this region are mainly young: red, white and pink. These elaborations are made in the 22 warehouses that are distributed throughout the Valley.

 

G.O.Tacoronte Acentejo: When visiting this Guarantee of Origin, which was the first in being created in the Canary Islands, we find a green landscape that comes from the coast to the mount. An important part of this green area is the vineyard representing a 35% of the total of the island. The base for the elaboration of wines which quality has been traditionally recognized beyond the local scope is in its majority red varieties such as Black Listán, Negramoll and Tintilla; as well as the white varieties Malvasía, Listán Blanco and Marmajuelo. These varieties have been cultivated historically in “rastras”, (traditional conduction system supported in forks) but we can most frequently see them in “espalderas”, a modern conduction system that allows obtaining grape of greater quality amongst other advantages.

           

 

The contribution from the E.U. to wine industry has been fundamental to this area. The grape obtained in the vineyards enrolled in the G.O is processed to elaborate wines in the warehouses assigned to the Regulating Council. The raw material is put under rigorous controls of quality in the field as well as in the reception at the warehouse; everything to make sure that the bunch arrives in optimal conditions for the future elaboration of the wine. A wine that once it gets the G.O. label, it will be bottled in a unique package, a generic bottle with the name of Tacoronte-Acentejo and with all the elements of its logo: sun, grapes and Teide with the purpose of facilitating the identification of our wines to the consumer. In this G.O. more than 80% of the wine that is elaborated is red. This is a pioneering zone in the elaboration of the first reserves of the archipelago.

  

G.O.Ycoden Daute Isora: The operation on a great scale of the vineyard of the northwestern zone began towards the second third of the XVI century and throughout all the XVII century. A history that entered crisis during a period of almost three centuries until fifteen years ago, when the work developed by the Regulating Council of the Denomination Ycoden Daute Isora was constituted in 1994. The new organization has launched a project of modernization in the entire region. This has been possible with the effort of many grape growers and owners of wine cellars. The region extends itself through the municipalities of San Juan de la Rambla, La Guancha, Icod de los Vinos, Garachico, Los Silos, El Tanque, Buenavista del Norte, Santiago del Teide and Guía de Isora. Many of them have in common considerable slopes, from the sea to the skirts of mount Teide.

A situation that causes that the cultivation is exposed to the influence of Atlantic winds. The predominant varieties at the present time are the White Listán (70%), Black Listán (20%), and the rest is represented by other varieties like Negramoll, Malvasía, Gual, Verdello, Marmajuelo, Moscatel, Pedro Ximénez, Sabro and Tintilla.

 

 
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19 December 2018




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